The Bauhaus is an art and design school in Weimar, Germany. The school was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919. Gropius was an architect and is widely thought of as “one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture” (wiki).
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Postmodernism for the most part in Graphic Design has been a visual and decorative movement. Within the design community it is used to refer to a layered, complex style or a post structuralist approach to architecture. This a movement that started in the mid 1960s. The end point to this movement is not defined and some even say that we have moved into a postmodern world (Armstrong, 2009:146).
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Definition: Concern with events and trends of the future or which anticipate the future (Google Dictionary).
Futurists expressed there ideas through painting, ceramics, sculpture, graphic design, interior design, theater, film, literature, music and architecture. As a whole they despised anything that wasn’t new as it would go against what they stood for (Design is History).
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De Stijl is a Dutch word for The Style, this movement was founded by Theo van Doesburg in 1917. There are three artists most recognised for their work, they are Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mindrian and the architect Gerrit Reitveld. The idea behind the movement was an ultimate Utopia of harmony and order. This was created by the geometric forms and primary colours (Design is History, n.d.).
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Dada was an anti-war movement which moved into the art world through poetry, literacy, art manifestos and eventually visual arts like Höch . The movement itself originated in Zürich, Switzerland and moved across Europe and ended up in the United states where many writers sought refuge during the First World War (Design is History).
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Definition: A style or movement in which assorted mechanical objects are combined into abstract mobile structural forms. (Google Dictionary)
I have written about prominent artist within this movement like Aleksander Rodchenko and Barbara Kruger.
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